Asian Gold Ribbon | Facts
Together we stand against anti-Asian racism
Asian Gold Ribbon Campaign, Anti-Asian Racism
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Facts About Anti-Asian Racism

Canada

The Chinese Canadian National Council Toronto Chapter (CCNCToronto) and Fight COVID Racism developed the final report that the following Canadian statistics were derived from. CCNCTO is the organization hosting Fight COVID Racism, which produced the national report with combined data from Project 1907 and Elimin8hate.

943

In Canada, 1150 cases of anti-Asian attacks were reported from early March, 2020 to late February, 2021 (source), in addition to 943 reports between January 1, 2021 to December 31, 2021 (source). Actual accounts are estimated to be much higher given the incidents of underreporting.

44

44% of reported Anti-Asian attacks from March 2020 to February 2021 were in BC. BC comprises the largest population of Asian residents (29%) in Canada (source).

40

40% of reported Anti-Asian attacks from March 2020 to February 2021 were in Ontario (source). Ontario has the second largest Asian population in Canada (24%) (source).

64

Women represented 59% of reports in 202 (source) and 64% of reported incidents in 2021 (source).

2X

Men were twice as likely to be physically assaulted (source).

Verbal Harassment0
Shunning0

48% of the Anti-Asian attacks involve verbal harassment and 13% involved shunning (source).

East Asian0
Southeast Asian0

Of those who reported Anti-Asian attacks between January 1, 2021 to December 31, 2021, 51% were East Asian and 17% were Southeast Asian (source).

↑ 286%

Children/Adolescents (under 18 years) make up 29% of reports in 2021, a +286% increase from 2020 (source).

 

 

↑ 42%

Between January 1, 2021 to December 31, 2021, reports of assault (coughed at or spat on) increased by 42% from 2020 (source).

71

Between January 1, 2021 to December 31, 2021, 71% reported mental distress or emotional harm (source).

48

48% of the anti-Asian attacks occurred in public spaces (park/street/sidewalk) (source).

Transgender_symbol_gold

↑ 64%

Between January 1, 2021 to December 31, 2021, incidents against transgender people increased by 64% (source).

Image derived from file:A TransGender-Symbol Plain3.svg: User:ParaDox – en:User:ParaDox – de:Benutzer:ParaDoxderivative work Xavax – This file was derived from: A TransGender-Symbol Plain3.svg:, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=23280270

Non-binary_symbol_gold

↑ 73%

Between January 1, 2021 to December 31, 2021, incidents against gender non-conforming or non-binary people increased by 73% (source).

Image derived from file by Kwamikagami – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=113445423

USA
Chinese0
Koreans0
Filipino0

Chinese are the largest ethnic group (42.8%) that report experiencing hate, followed by Korean (16.1%), Filipino (8.9%), and Japanese (8.2%) (source).

10905

From March 19, 2020 to December 31, 2021, a total of 10,905 hate incidents against Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) persons were reported to Stop AAPI Hate (source).

Verbal Harassment0
Physical Assaults0

63% of anti-Asian attacks were verbal harassment, with physical assaults being the second largest type of discrimination (16.2%) (source).

48.7

48.7% of the anti-Asian attacks occurred in public spaces (streets/transit/parks) (source).

26

Children and young people (ages 0-25 years) account for 26% of all reported hate incidents (source).

61.8

Women represent 61.8% of all reports (source).

Avoidance/Shunning0
Coughed at/Spat on0

21.4% of reports includes avoidance or shunning and 13.9% includes being coughed at or spat on (source).

 

One-third of Asian Americans fear threats, physical attacks and most say violence against them is rising (source).

32

32% of Asian adults say they have feared someone might threaten or physically attack them – a greater share than other racial or ethnic groups [Black adults (21%), Hispanic adults (16%) or White adults (8%)] (source).

81

81%, a vast majority of Asian adults, say violence against them is increasing, which surpasses the 56% of all U.S. adults who say the same (source).

45

45% of Asian adults say they have experienced at least one of five specific offensive incidents since the start of the coronavirus outbreak (source).

32

32% of Asian adults say someone has expressed support for them since the start of the pandemic (source).

20000000

There are over 20 million Asians in the US and it is a fast growing population.

The US Asian population recorded the fastest growth rate among all racial and ethnic groups in the United States between 2000 and 2019 (source).

The Asian population in the United States is a diverse group, with origins from more than 20 countries in East and Southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent (source).

Chinese0
Indian0
Filipino0
Vietnamese0
All Others0
Korean0
Japanese0

6 origin groups (i.e. Chinese, Indian, Filipino, Vietnamese, Korean, Japanese) make up 85% of all Asian Americans (source).

45

45% of Asian adults say they have experienced at least one of five specific offensive incidents since the start of the coronavirus outbreak (source).

Australia

References:

Asian Australian Alliance. (2021). COVID-19 Racism incident report survey comprehensive report 2021. https://asianaustralianalliance.net/covid-19-racism-incident-report-survey-comprehensive-report-2021/

Hsu, J. & Kassam, N. (2022). Being Chinese in Australia: Public opinion in Chinese communities. Lowy Institute. https://interactives.lowyinstitute.org/features/chinese-communities/report

541

Between April 2, 2020 and June 28, 2021, there were 541 incident reports recorded.

Direct racial slur/name calling0
Online harassment0
Making it out as a joke0
Verbal threats0
Getting spat/sneezed/coughed on0
Physical intimidation/harassment0
Shunning0
Workplace discrimination0

Types of incidents reported (source). Please note: respondents were able to select more than one category and percentages may have been rounded for display purposes.

Female0
Male0
Self described0

Those who identified as female (60.1%) were the largest number of respondents, followed by those who identified as male (34.1%). Respondents who identified as self described – i.e. those who did not identify as being female or male – constituted (3.8%) of respondents. (source)

Chinese0
Vietnamese0
Malaysian0
Korean0
Singaporean0
Filipino0

Respondents who identified as having a Chinese cultural background (52%) reported more incidents than other races or ethnic groups, followed by Vietnamese (8.38%), Malaysian (4.5%), Korean (6.5%), Singaporean (2.1%) and Filipino (3.2%). Note that respondents were able to select multiple cultural backgrounds and identities. (source)

86

85.9% of respondents reported that they did not know the perpetrator, indicating that the majority of incidents were perpetrated by strangers (source).

85

84.8% reported that they did not report their incident to authorities (source).

1200000

Australia is home to more than 1.2 million Chinese-Australians.

Chinese-Australians make up 5% of the Australian population and Mandarin has become the second-most spoken language in the country (source).

1 in 5

In both 2020 and 2021, one in five Chinese-Australians (18%) had been physically threatened or attacked because of their Chinese heritage (source).

1 in 3

One in three respondents (34%) reports having been treated differently or less favourably in 2021 because of their Chinese heritage (source).

25

25% say they ‘have been called offensive names because [they] are of Chinese heritage’ in 2021 (source).

This is the reality of anti-Asian hate around the world.

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